Who is a righteous person?
A righteous person is one who does the right thing unfailingly, at every opportunity and every trial. In other words, to be conscious of others’ rights and being deliberate in protecting and upholding such rights is what a righteous person does. Righteousness is also referred to as piety.
But this right is more than just the right of others on a person. It is also the right of the self on itself. With the right of others, we have two categories: the Right of God – to be recognized as existing and unique as well as superior in all His known and unknown facets and the Right of People (and of the Environment as it indirectly affects other fellow human beings).
But how does righteousness relate to belief in God? Well, righteousness is thought as being a manifestation of belief. Many such believers view God as the Ultimate Judge, Who will be the sole, undisputed Master on the Day of Judgment. He will resolve unresolved disputes, correct past inequities, etc. In that role, however, He will not be the least bit unfair. He will also lean toward mercy whenever it is He Who has been affronted except in the case of those who are given to partnership of other deities alongside Him. In other words, only Polytheism is beyond redemption. However, when other human beings have been hurt and no settlement has been reached prior to death, restitution will have to be made on that Final Day, the Day of Resurrection, the Day of Accountability, a day of restoring equity and balance. God will not forgive what is due to other fellow human beings by an erring human being.
So, a righteous being is the one who is acutely aware, respectful and fearful of encountering God in His role as the Final Arbiter. There will be no error in accounting then. So, way before such a day transpires, while still living, while still in the realm of possibility, a righteous person does one of two things; the right thing always, every time, with everyone or everything, or seek forgiveness, make restitution, mend fence and set aright what has been done wrong to other fellow beings before being summoned to afterlife. This way nothing is left to chance for a day when each and every human being will only be concerned about the welfare of the self alone without being able to go back and make amends. This type of acute consciousness of God’s authority, not mere observation of rituals, at every turn in life makes a person righteous.